International co-publishing in Finland
- International co-publishing in Finland
- Reetta Muhonen, Yrjö Leino and Hanna-Mari Puuska
- Series of publications
- Reports of the Ministry of Education and Culture, Finland 2012:19
- Number of pages
- 978-952-263-133-6 (PDF)
- ISSN-L 1799-0343, 1799-0351 (Online)
- Ministry of Education and Culture, Finland
This study looks at international co-publishing in Finland and the citation counts of publications in different disciplinary groups in 1990–2009. The results presented here are based on the Thomson Reuters Web of Science (WoS) publication and citation database from 1990 to 2009.
The share of international co-publishing in all of Finland’s WoS publications increased from 25 per cent to 49 per cent in 1990–2009. In tandem with international co-publishing becoming more common, there has been an increase in the relative share of national cooperation between organisations, whereas the share of publications produced in national, intra-organisational cooperation in all of Finland’s international publications has declined. The trend of co-publishing in Finland can thus be described as an increase in transboundary cooperation – both between countries and between organisations.
The share of single-author publications declined in 1990–2009. As an exception to most main scientific disciplines, single authorship remained clearly the most typical form of international authorship in humanities journals in 2006–2009; 70 per cent of these publications were written by a single author. While the relative share of single authorship has decreased, the number of co-authors in a publication has gone up: in 1990–2009, the number of co-authors in national publications increased from three to four, while this number in international co-publications has gone up from five to seven authors.
In Finland’s international co-publications, the co-author was most typically affiliated with an organisation in the EU15+ states. The second most typical participants in international publications were co-authors from North America, and third most typical were co-authors from the Nordic countries. No change took place in the order of the three most common country groups within the period of examination.
In 1990–2008, international co-publications were on average cited more times than publications produced in national cooperation. The citation counts of the former exceeded the average global level throughout the period. The more authors that were involved in a publication, the more times it was cited on average. The high citation counts of international co-publications are partly explained by the fact that, on average, they involve a higher number of co-authors than national publications.
A growing trend in international co-publishing has been cooperation involving researchers from more than one country group in addition to Finland. The more country groups that were involved in a publication, the higher its citation count on average. In the sphere of national cooperation, gauged by the citation counts, inter-organisational cooperation produced science with a higher impact than intra-organisational co-authorship.
To summarise, this study indicates that co-publishing of Finnish scientists has diversified: the share of publications produced as a result of international cooperation, involvement of several country groups, and national inter-organisational cooperation in all WoS publications increased, and the more diverse the co-authorship was, the higher the citation count.